A Little History Lesson

A Little History Lesson

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Not long ago​,​the question about whether or not Orthodox Churches could accept homosexuality as a valid lifestyle came to the fore.  The year was 1983.  A denomination by the name of the “Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches” applied for membership in the association of mainline Protestant churches, the National Council of Churches.  The raison d’être of the Metropolitan Community ​Church​es​ was the acceptance of homosexual lifestyle.  It was and saw itself as “the gay church”.  This was acknowledged at the time by G. William Sheek, the Director of the National Council’s unit on Family Ministries and Human Sexuality, who wrote that accepting the Metropolitan Community Churches into membership would contribute to the “high visibility” which had been tending to legitimize homosexuality.

Many in the National Council of Churches wanted them in.  But the Orthodox balked, and in fact drew a line in the sand:  if they were in, the Orthodox were out.  In a statement drafted by the Greek Fr. Stanley Harakas with help from the Antiochian Fr. Joseph Allen, and with supplementary comments by the Orthodox Church in America’s Fr. Thomas Hopko (of blessed memory), the Orthodox were clear that accepting the Metropolitan Community Churches into membership would not contribute to inter-denominational Christian unity (the supposed reason for the National Council’s existence), but represent “a further dilution” of the ecumenical work.  In a prepared statement, the paper drafted by Frs. Stanley and Joseph said, “A body whose r​aison d’etre is not the faith of the Scriptures and the Creeds, but a passion universally condemned in the age-long tradition of the Church as inappropriate and unfitting to the calling of the Christian life, cannot in fact be seen as a Christian communion by the Orthodox.”  In other words, the Orthodox Church could not maintain an ecumenical relationship with a body which blessed homosexual practice.  The Metropolitan Community Churches were characterized as a group which was (to quote the Orthodox statement again) “specifically organized around a moral failure, and which finds support in a thoroughly rewritten exegesis of the apostolic, patristic, canonically embodied mind of the Church​.​”

The acceptance of the Metropolitan Community Churches into membership of the NCC​,​ therefore,​ would make Orthodox membership in that body impossible.

The debate over the motion whether or not to accept the Metropolitan Community Churches into membership was a long and agonized one, lasting almost two hours.  At last, by vote of 116 to 94, the board agreed to “postpone indefinitely” the decision on whether or not to accept them for membership.  Documents, including the Orthodox statement and Fr. Hopko’s even more radical stance, can be found here.

This is not ancient history, representing the benighted first century or the medieval times before Science enlightened us all.  This was 1983.  The irony of the whole thing​, ​ of course (as Archpriest John Morris pointed out in his book The Historic Church) is that this was “a meaningless victory”,​ because since that time​, many Protestant churches have come out in favour of homosexual practice anyway.  (The irony was doubtless not lost on the Metropolitan Community Churches.)

What has changed in the few years since 1983?  Just this:  the cultural tide is now flowing in favour of those promoting the legitimacy of homosexual practice in a way that it wasn’t just three short decades ago.  Do the Metropolitan Community Churches proclaim “another Jesus”?   In 1983​,​ we thought so, and said so clearly and emphatically.  The question now is whether or not we will retain the courage to say so when the majority of secular society is ready to shout us down for saying it.


Photo courtesy of Ted Eytan | Posted by the Orthodox Christian Network. You can find the Orthodox Christian Network on Google+

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Fr. Lawrence Farley

Fr. Lawrence was formerly an Anglican priest, graduating from Wycliffe College in Toronto, Canada in 1979 before serving Anglican parishes in central Canada. He converted to Orthodoxy in 1985 and spent two years at St. Tikhon’s Seminary in South Canaan, Pennsylvania. After ordination he traveled to Surrey, B.C. to begin a new mission under the O.C.A., St. Herman of Alaska Church.

The Church has grown from its original twelve members, and now owns a building in Langley, B.C., where they worship each Sunday. The community has planted a number of ‘daughter churches’, including parishes in Victoria, Comox and Vancouver.

Fr. Lawrence has written a number of books, published by Conciliar Press, including the Bible Study Companion Series, with verse-by-verse commentaries on the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Romans, 1-2 Corinthians, the Early Epistles, the Prison Epistles, the Pastoral Epistles, the Catholic Epistles, and the Book of Revelation, as well as a volume about how to read the Old Testament , entitled The Christian Old Testament. He has also written a commentary on the Divine Liturgy, entitled, Let Us Attend: A Journey through the Orthodox Divine Liturgy. SVS Press has published his book on Feminism and Tradition, examining such topics as the ordination of women and deaconesses. He has also written a synaxarion (lives of Saints), published by Light and Life, entitled A Daily Calendar of Saints, recently updated and revised and available through his blog. He has also written a series of Akathists, published by Alexander Press, including Akathist to Jesus, Light to Those in Darkness, Akathist to the Most-Holy Theotokos, Daughter of Zion, A New Akathist to St. Herman of Alaska, Akathist: Glory to the God who Works Wonders (a rehearsal of the works of God from Genesis to Revelation). His articles have appeared in the Canadian Orthodox Messenger (the official diocesan publication of the Archdiocese of Canada), as well as in the Orthodox Church (the official publication of the O.C.A.), in The Handmaiden and AGAIN magazine (from Conciliar Press).

Fr. Lawrence has a podcast each weekday on Ancient Faith Radio, the Coffee Cup Commentaries. He has given a number of parish retreats in the U.S. and Canada, as well as being a guest-lecturer yearly at the local Regent College, Vancouver. He can also be found on his personal blog, Straight from the Heart.

Fr. Lawrence lives in Surrey with his wife, Donna. They have two daughters, and three grandchildren.