I Believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth

I Believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth

To us today, it sounds a little odd to begin a creed with anything so obvious as the fact that there exists but one God, and that this almighty Father is the creator of heaven and earth. Given that the rest of the creed is devoted to proclaiming the Church’s...

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What Happens to the Soul After Death?

What Happens to the Soul After Death?

I suppose that among us mere mortals the only person who could give first-hand testimony to the question, “What happens to the soul after death?” was Lazarus, and he left no extant literary remains. At best we have an old story which relates that after Christ raised him after he...

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And of all things, visible and invisible

And of all things, visible and invisible

The Creed not only confesses that our God, the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, is the creator of heaven and earth. It also adds the phrase that He is the creator “of all things, visible and invisible.” In its original form, the phrase was probably added to hammer yet...

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The Full Divinity of Jesus

The Full Divinity of Jesus

As mentioned in a previous article on the history of the Nicene Creed, a controversy erupted in the church of the fourth century through the teachings of Arius. Though granting that Jesus existed before His birth at Bethlehem as the Word of the Father, Arius denied that this Word was...

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The Mighty Acts of Jesus

The Mighty Acts of Jesus

In our present version of the Creed, after a bold assertion of Christ’s full divinity comes a recitation of His mighty acts. “For us men and for our salvation He came down from heaven and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary and became Man, and was...

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The Holy Spirit

The Holy Spirit

The third main section of the present Creed concerns the Holy Spirit and His work in the holy Church. We note that the Holy Spirit and the Church are paired together in the Creed, for the Church is the handiwork and home of the Holy Spirit, and one cannot think...

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The Church as Object of Faith

The Church as Object of Faith

As mentioned before, the third main section of the present Creed concerns the Holy Spirit and His work in the holy Church, and we note that the Holy Spirit and the Church are paired together. Here we examine the creedal description of the Church. The mention of the Church in...

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The Church as One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic

The Church as One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic

We saw previously that the Creed confesses the Church as an object of faith to show how, despite all its historical liturgical diversity (especially in the pre-Nicene period), the true Church was one, and the salvation one experienced there was not affected by where one lived. We look now at the...

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I Acknowledge One Baptism

I Acknowledge One Baptism

Another part of the third main section of the present Creed focusing upon the Holy Spirit and His work in the holy Church concerns holy baptism. The phrase runs, “I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins.” Here we note in passing a change of verb, with the accompanying...

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I look for the Resurrection of the Dead, and the Life of the Age to Come

I look for the Resurrection of the Dead, and the Life of the Age to Come

The last part of the third main section of the present Creed says, “I look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the age to come.”  Though this part of the Creed was not included with an eye to refuting the heresies of the fourth century, the...

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Conclusion:  “The Doors! The Doors!  In Wisdom Let Us Attend”

Conclusion: “The Doors! The Doors! In Wisdom Let Us Attend”

In our modern Orthodox Liturgy, the Creed is prefaced by a diaconal word of command. That is, just before the Creed is chanted or sung, the deacon cries out, “The doors! The doors!” and only after this does he invite the faithful to join in reciting the Creed by saying,...

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Baptizing Unenthusiastic Children

Baptizing Unenthusiastic Children

A number of people have viewed a video on Youtube lately showing the last minute or so of a family drama in church. It concerned an Orthodox family gathered with their young three-year-old daughter for her baptism in a Greek Orthodox Church in Munich. Sadly, I am unilingual, and so...

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