Pemptousia and OCN have entered a strategic partnership to bring Orthodoxy Worldwide. Greek philosophers from Ionia considered held that there were four elements or essences (ousies) in nature: earth, water, fire and air. Aristotle added ether to this foursome, which would make it the fifth (pempto) essence, pemptousia, or quintessence. The incarnation of God the Word found fertile ground in man’s proclivity to beauty, to goodness, to truth and to the eternal. Orthodoxy has not functioned as some religion or sect. It was not the movement of the human spirit towards God but the revelation of the true God, Jesus Christ, to man. A basic precept of Orthodoxy is that of the person – the personhood of God and of man. Orthodoxy is not a religious philosophy or way of thinking but revelation and life standing on the foundations of divine experience; it is the transcendence of the created and the intimacy of the Uncreated. Orthodox theology is drawn to genuine beauty; it is the theology of the One “fairer than the sons of men”. So in "Pemptousia", we just want to declare this "fifth essence", the divine beaut in our life. Please note, not all Pemptousia articles have bylines. If the author is known, he or she is listed in the article above.
Metropolitan Panteleimon of Veria, Naousa and Kampania
‘Having cast off the old self with its practices, and clothed yourselves with the new self, which is being renewed in the awareness of Him Who created it’ (Epistle reading, Col. 3, 4-11).
On the Sunday of the Holy Forefathers, the Church prepares us for the great feast of Christmas, which is approaching. It prepares us, not simply by referring to the commemoration of the Lord’s Holy Forefathers, nor only with the Gospel reading of the great banquet, but also with the Epistle reading.
We hear Saint Paul calling upon us to put aside our former self and to put on a new one. It may be that some people wonder what this might mean and what connection it has with the forthcoming great feast for which we’re preparing.
If we recollect, however, what Christmas means and what happened with the Lord’s nativity, then we’ll understand the meaning and the importance of Saint Paul’s exhortation.
So what did happen at Christ’s birth? Christ became a human person. He clothed Himself in human flesh. He clothed Himself in human nature, thereby covering the nature and splendour of the Godhead, in order to be able to approach people without frightening them, so that He could draw them close to Him and give them the salvation and adoption which they lost in the garden of Eden through the disobedience of their first ancestors.
But what actually happened in the garden of Eden? What happened when Adam and Eve received chastisement and punishment from God for their disobedience? According to Holy Scripture, they then realized that they were naked and took fig leaves to cover their nudity. With these leaves, they covered their sinfulness, but also, at the same time, covered the image of God, Who had formed this image when He created them. And this cover-up of sin became second nature for us, it became the ‘former self’ about which Saint Paul often speaks. This it is which hides the divine image each of has within us, while it also prevents us from becoming ‘in the likeness’ of God and experiencing our adoption by Him.
It is this sinful nature, the covering-up of the passions, that Saint Paul calls us to reject in order that we may approach Christ, Who, in a few days will be born as a human child on earth, for our sake.
Just as He will be clothed in human nature in order to approach us, so we should take care to put aside the clothing of our former self and allow Him to renew us and restore to us, through His grace, the first vesture in which He clothed us when He made us. Let us allow Him to restore the nature He formed, but which we’ve spoiled through sin, mistakes and our falls, and make it similar to His own, which is both human and divine.
At His nativity, Christ is clothed with human nature for our sake. Let us agree to cast off our former self, so that we may put on the grace of adoption which He offers us and may become true members of His Body. So that we may become God’s friends and enjoy the salvation granted to us by Christ through His incarnation. Amen.
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OCN has partnered with Pemptousia. A Contemporary post-modern man does not understand what man is. Through its presence in the internet world, Pemptousia, with its spirit of respect for beauty that characterizes it, wishes to contribute to the presentation of a better meaning of life for man, to the search for the ontological dimension of man, and to the awareness of the unfathomable mystery of man who is always in Christ in the process of becoming, of man who is in the image of divine beauty. And the beauty of man springs from the beauty of the Triune God. In the end, “beauty will save the world”.