Pemptousia and OCN have entered a strategic partnership to bring Orthodoxy Worldwide. Greek philosophers from Ionia considered held that there were four elements or essences (ousies) in nature: earth, water, fire and air. Aristotle added ether to this foursome, which would make it the fifth (pempto) essence, pemptousia, or quintessence. The incarnation of God the Word found fertile ground in man’s proclivity to beauty, to goodness, to truth and to the eternal. Orthodoxy has not functioned as some religion or sect. It was not the movement of the human spirit towards God but the revelation of the true God, Jesus Christ, to man. A basic precept of Orthodoxy is that of the person – the personhood of God and of man. Orthodoxy is not a religious philosophy or way of thinking but revelation and life standing on the foundations of divine experience; it is the transcendence of the created and the intimacy of the Uncreated. Orthodox theology is drawn to genuine beauty; it is the theology of the One “fairer than the sons of men”. So in "Pemptousia", we just want to declare this "fifth essence", the divine beaut in our life. Please note, not all Pemptousia articles have bylines. If the author is known, he or she is listed in the article above.
Metropolitan Ioïl (Frangkakos) of Edessa, Pella, and Almopia
Since you did it to one of the least of my brethren, you did it to me’
In the parables which the Lord used, He said the phrase ‘the kingdom of heaven is like this’, that is, He compared the kingdom of heaven to ten virgins, to a precious pearl, to a field, to a lost coin and so on. In today’s Gospel, however, He didn’t speak in a parable, but revealed a real state and also His true Self, when He said ‘when the Son of Man comes in His glory’, which means that the reading fully expresses the truth concerning our final judgement.
God’s mercy and our charity
One of God’s properties is His mercy. His mercy pursues us all the time. And we people, who are made in His image, have many features in common with the Creator, particularly that of charity and doing good works for our neighbour, since this brings us closer to the Lord. Christ spent the whole of His life doing good to others and ‘He healed them all’ (Luke, 6, 19). He even gave Himself ‘as a ransom for many’ (Mark, 10, 45), as proof and fruit of His great love for us. Our impoverished kin, be they hungry, sick or destitute, are His brothers and sisters, since they’ve ‘donned’ Him, ‘as regards the inner person’, according to Saint Gregory the Theologian. They have the same baptism as us, they partake of the same joy, they’re subject to the same laws of God, they take part in the same Eucharist and have the same hopes as we do. Saint John Chrysostom expresses this beautifully: ‘for baptism makes them our brethren, as does sharing in the communion of the divine sacraments’. A charitable heart is what makes a person an inheritor of the kingdom of God, much more than great gifts such as miracle-working, foresight, great wisdom of the mind and so on.
A great ascetic of the desert, Saint Isaac the Syrian, described what a charitable heart should be like, in other words, how we become generous. Such a heart should burn with love for the whole of creation. It should be concerned about people, about birds, about animals, even about the demons, if that’s possible. If people have such a heart, their tears never stop flowing. They can’t hear about any misfortune, or see any harm being done without being moved, without weeping. They pray with tears on behalf of their enemies and even on behalf of nature. All people and all things will be shown mercy by God. So we see how a single tear can give us the chance to make the kingdom of God our own.
How is our love for God expressed?
The late Bishop Dionysios of Kozani writes that ordinary events in our everyday lives are what will judge us. Not wisdom, not political authority and power, not material riches and money, not bodily vigour and beauty. These aren’t the things that will be of any worth on the Day of Judgement. What will count will be ordinary events, as we see them in our daily lives. A plate of food, a financial boost to somebody, a show of sympathy for somebody who’s going through a hard time, or just a simple visit to someone in pain. All of this happens on the quiet, without fanfares and publicity. Christians who believe and act on their faith avoid ostentation and those pompous events to which we’ve become accustomed these days. The only thing we’ll take with us into the next life is charity, which will be our defence lawyer before God.
Today’s Gospel reading is addressed to all of us who honour the icon of Jesus Christ but forget to honour His living image, which is other people. Saint Gregory the Theologian urges us to ‘become rich not only in material goods, but also in godliness’. Let us become to every poor person we encounter what God is to all of us, so that we may find mercy.
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OCN has partnered with Pemptousia. A Contemporary post-modern man does not understand what man is. Through its presence in the internet world, Pemptousia, with its spirit of respect for beauty that characterizes it, wishes to contribute to the presentation of a better meaning of life for man, to the search for the ontological dimension of man, and to the awareness of the unfathomable mystery of man who is always in Christ in the process of becoming, of man who is in the image of divine beauty. And the beauty of man springs from the beauty of the Triune God. In the end, “beauty will save the world”.