The Holy Spirit and Many Languages

The Holy Spirit and Many Languages


The Holy Spirit and Many Languages

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We will now be including the daily reading of Epistle and Gospel with The Prayer Team.


When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place. And suddenly a sound came from heaven like the rush of a mighty wind, and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And there appeared to them tongues as of fire, distributed and resting on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. Now there were dwelling in Jerusalem Jews, devout men from every nation under heaven. And at this sound the multitude came together, and they were bewildered, because each one heard them speaking in his own language. And they were amazed and wondered, saying, “Are not all these who are speaking Galileans? And how is it that we hear, each of us in his own native language? Parthians and Medes and Elamites and residents of Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia, Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya belonging to Cyrene, and visitors from Rome, both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabians, we hear them telling in our own tongues the mighty works of God.”  Acts 2:1-11 (Epistle of Pentecost)


Good morning Prayer Team!

This weekend we celebrate the feast of Pentecost.  It is a three-day event in the Liturgical life of the church.  Today, the day before Pentecost, is the Saturday of the Souls, where we pray for all of our loved ones who have passed away, remembering also all the saints and faithful people who have been part of our church from the time of Pentecost until the present.  Tomorrow is the feast of Pentecost, when we commemorate the Holy Spirit descending on the Apostles and enabling them to spread the Gospel in all the languages known to man.  And Monday is affectionately known as the “Monday of the Holy Spirit,” though some call it the feastday of the Holy Trinity.

Examining the Epistle of Pentecost, there are two important things to take away.  First, it is that the Holy Spirit came down on the Apostles in the form of tongues of fire, and enabled these men, many of whom were simple fishermen and uneducated, to become heralds of the Gospel, preachers of the Good News, leaders of the early church, and able to speak in all the languages known to mankind.  How was that possible?  The answer is a word we call “grace.”  Grace is a quality of the Holy Spirit which completes what is lacking in people.  By the Grace of the Holy Spirit were illiterate fishermen able to become dynamic speakers.  By the Grace of the Holy Spirit, sinful men, then, and up to today, are able to take on the mantle of leadership in the church, to preach the perfect Christ even though they themselves are far from perfect.  Grace is what “effects” all of our sacraments in the church, how ordinary gifts of bread and wine can be transformed into the Body and Blood of Christ.  That is by the grace of the Holy Spirit.  It is the same grace that enables sinful people to be cleansed of sin in confession, or which enables a man and a woman to be consecrated as a family when they get married, or which enables a sinful man to become a priest of God.

The second thing we take away from this reading concerns languages.  The Apostles walked away from Pentecost able to preach the Gospel in all languages.  There is a need to spread the Gospel in all languages.  This includes all of the spoken languages of the world’s countries and cultures.  It also includes the languages of subgroups of the population.  For instance, there is a “language” one uses to preach the Gospel to a toddler, a different “language” for a teenager, and yet a different “language” for a senior citizen, even if the spoken language for all three is English.  This is why we have Sunday school, summer camps, youth groups and senior groups, to get the Gospel to all people in the “language” they need to hear it in.  It is important to remember in the church that the Sunday sermon is not the only place for the Gospel to be preached, or for it to be heard.  And the priest is not the only person who can deliver the “sermon.”  The Gospel should be preached on the playground, in the office, at home, on the baseball field, and it should be preached by how we act, not only by what we say.

Grace is given to each of us through the sacraments of the church, and even through a simple prayer.  And because we each have this grace, we, the ordinary people, are empowered and expected to the do the extraordinary things of faith.  Saint Paul reminds us in I Corinthians 4: 12-13, “When reviled, we bless; when persecuted, we endure; when slandered, we try to conciliate.”  It is grace that enables us to do all these things.

Every Divine Liturgy is supposed to be a little “Pentecost” for not only we receive Christ in Holy Communion but we receive the Holy Spirit at the time of the consecration, when the celebrant asks God to “send down Your Holy Spirit upon US, and upon these gifts here presented.” (From the Divine Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom)  Before asking God to have the Holy Spirit consecrate our gifts, we ask Him for the Holy Spirit to come down on us, as He did for the Apostles on Pentecost.

The Holy Spirit is light and life, and a living noetic fount.  Spirit of wisdom, Spirit of understanding; good, upright, noetic, ruling, purging offenses; God and deifying; He is fire issuing from fire, uttering, inciting, distributing the gifts of grace.  Through Him the Prophets and the Apostles of God and the Martyrs all were crowned.  Strange to hear, strange to see, fire distributed for the apportioning of gifts.  (Kekgragaria, from the Vespers of the Descent of the Holy Spirit, Trans. by Fr. Seraphim Dedes)

Experience the grace of the Holy Spirit through prayer.  Speak the “language” of the Gospel to whomever you encounter today!


+Fr. Stavros


With Roger Hunt providing today’s Daily Reading: Listen Now.

These readings are under copyright and is used by permission. All rights reserved. These works may not be further reproduced, in print or on other websites or in any other form, without the prior written authorization of the copyright holder: Reading © Holy Transfiguration Monastery – Brookline, MA, Apolytikion of Abbot Marcellus © Narthex Press, Kontakion of Abbot Marcellus © Holy Transfiguration Monastery – Brookline, MA.

The Revised Standard Version of the Bible is copyrighted 1946, 1952, 1971, and 1973 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the U.S.A. and used by permission. From the Online Chapel of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America.

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About author

Fr. Stavros Akrotirianakis

Fr. Stavros N. Akrotirianakis is the Proistamenos of St. John Greek Orthodox Church in Tampa, FL. Fr. contributes the Prayer Team Ministry, a daily reflection, which began in February 2015, has produced two books, “Let All Creation Rejoice: Reflections on Advent, the Nativity and Epiphany”: “ and “The Road Back to Christ: Reflections on Lent, Holy Week and the Resurrection.”