Non-Gender and One-Gender in the Gnostic Gospels (2)

Non-Gender and One-Gender in the Gnostic Gospels (2)

Archimandrite Theofilos Lemontzis, D. Th.   The Fathers of our Church, such as Saint Epifanios of Cyprus, Saint Irenaeus of Lyon, Saint Hippolytus of Rome, Clement the Alexandrian et al., refused to accept the above anthropological and soteriological model, as projected by the Gnostics, because it was diametrically opposed to...

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Non-Gender and One-Gender in the Gnostic Gospels

Non-Gender and One-Gender in the Gnostic Gospels

Archimandrite Theofilos Lemontzis, D. Th.   The state of one-genderism is described in the Gnostic Gospel of Thomas, where, in answer to a question from His disciples regarding the way to enter the Kingdom of God and our salvation, Jesus answers: ‘When you make the two one, the inside like...

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The Theology of Gender – 17. Canons and freedom

The Theology of Gender – 17. Canons and freedom

Sofia Matzarioti-Kostara Anything that takes place in the Church aims at the salvation of the people and thus, involves a pastoral element. In the same way, the canons of the Church are primarily pastoral texts and have as their objective the guidance of Christians in the spiritual life and the...

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The Theology of Gender – 10. St Basil’s contribution to the canonical tradition

The Theology of Gender – 10. St Basil’s contribution to the canonical tradition

Sofia Matzarioti-Kostara   In order to evaluate Saint Basil’s contribution to the canonical tradition and spiritual conscience of the Orthodox Church, we have to consider the following presuppositions: First, the canonical writings of Saint Basil are pastoral works that deal primarily with transgressions and aim at restoring the fallen Christian...

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The Theology of Gender – 9. St. Basil the Great

The Theology of Gender – 9. St. Basil the Great

Sofia Matzarioti-Kostara   St. Basil the Great was indeed a great figure in the history of Christianity, a charismatic hierarch with significant contribution in various areas. With concern to our topic, we will examine the pastoral and canonical aspects of his multifarious work. The most important characteristic of his personality...

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The Theology of Gender – 8. St. John Chrysostom

The Theology of Gender – 8. St. John Chrysostom

Sofia Matzarioti-Kostara   Throughout the history of Christianity many voices from the Church rose to protest the established order of society. It is obvious in the patristic writings that the Fathers many times tried to defend the equality of man and woman, demonstrating that discrimination was a problem at all...

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The Theology of Gender – 7. The Place of Women in Byzantine Society

The Theology of Gender – 7. The Place of Women in Byzantine Society

Sofia Matzarioti-Kostara   Byzantine society was a dynamic union of different cultural elements based on Greek civilization and the Christian faith. Although Christianity was the decisive element in the formation of Byzantium, the practical application of the Christian ethos as a way of life met with the resistance of the...

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The Theology of Gender – 5. Woman in the New Creation. The “submission”

The Theology of Gender – 5. Woman in the New Creation. The “submission”

Sofia Matzarioti-Kostara   St. Gregory of Nyssa, in an extensive homily on 1 Co 15:28, written to challenge the heresy of Eunomius, explains the various meanings of the word ὑποταγή (submission) in Scripture. He clarifies that the word is used in the case of war to indicate subjugation to the...

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The Theology of Gender – 4. Woman in the New Creation. The Early Church

The Theology of Gender – 4. Woman in the New Creation. The Early Church

Sofia Matzarioti-Kostara   The destiny of humanity changed radically after Christ’s Incarnation, and a living model of human behavior was initiated by the second Adam, the perfect Man, who is Jesus Christ. Nevertheless, Christ’s teaching did not come as a secular revolution. This is what His contemporary Jews did not...

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The Theology of Gender – 1. The Story of Creation

The Theology of Gender – 1. The Story of Creation

Sofia Matzarioti-Kostara   The story of creation presents the basic principles of human life and behavior. It is the main reference for the Christian understanding of humankind’s existential questions. In the book of Genesis, the unique relationship between humans and their Creator unfolds. Inside it, the mystery of the purpose...

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