You Were Presented in the Temple

You Were Presented in the Temple


On February 2, our Orthodox Church celebrates a beautiful moment in the life of Christ – The Presentation of Christ at the Temple. According to the Jewish practice at that time, the first-born son of a family was to be brought forty days after his birth to the Temple in Jerusalem for sacrifices to be made. Since the coming Messiah was expected to be a first-born son, it was done in anticipation of the Messiah’s coming.

In the case of Jesus, an old prophet, Symeon and an old prophetess, Anna, were in the Temple when Mary and Joseph brought the little Jesus to the Temple for the prescribed sacrifices. Symeon recognized that, indeed, this little boy was the Messiah. The Bible describes the event: “He took him up in his arms and blessed God and said, ‘Lord, now let your servant depart in peace, according to your word; for my eyes have seen your salvation which you have prepared in the presence of all peoples, a light for revelation to the Gentiles, and for glory to your people Israel’.”

On the basis of this event, the Church invites parents to bring their newly born children for a “churching” service, but it includes both boys and girls, and not only the first-born. Around the fortieth day, the Priest meets the parents and their child at the Church entrance. The Priest begins by offering prayers whose themes are God’s work of creation and thanksgiving for the preservation of the life of the mother.

The priest also prays for the newborn child, in anticipation of the child’s baptism: “Bless this child which has been born of her; increase it, sanctify it, give it understanding and a prudent and virtuous mind; for You alone have brought it into being . . . so that he (she) might . . . be numbered with Your holy Flock.”

Then, the Priest takes the child in his hands and enters the sanctuary. The rubrics read: “Taking up the child, the Priest lifts it up in the sign of the Cross before the Gates of the Temple, saying: ‘The servant of God (Name) is churched, in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and the Holy Spirit.’ Amen.” This is repeated in the middle of the church and once more at the front of the sanctuary. The repetition of the words of Symeon takes place, and then a male child is taken around the Altar, while girls are brought up to the Iconostasis.

The Priest then invites the parents forward to receive their child, now “presented to the Lord and his Church.” This rite has clear parallels to the Presentation of Jesus in the Temple. It serves to initiate the child into the Christian community, even before Baptism. So, if you were baptized as a child in the Orthodox Church, you were probably “churched,” meaning that you were dedicated to God and His service during the first days of your life.

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About author

Fr. Stanley Harakas

The Rev. Stanley S. Harakas 1932-2020. Fr. Stanley was well known to Orthodox Christians for his engaging and clear writing style in works such as Toward Transfigured Life: The "Theoria" of Eastern Orthodox Ethic, Living the Faith: The "Praxis" of Eastern Orthodox Ethics, Health and Medicine in the Eastern Orthodox Tradition, among many others. Fr. Stanley received his undergraduate and theology degrees from Holy Cross, and his Doctor of Theology degree from Boston University in 1965 (which would honor him as a “Distinguished Alumnus” twenty-one years later).   In 1966, Fr. Stanley began to teach at Holy Cross Greek Orthodox School of Theology, where he continued to have a life-long association with both Brookline campuses: as the first endowed chair of "Archbishop lakovos Professor of Orthodox Theology", as Dean of Hellenic College (1969-1975), and as Dean of Holy Cross for ten years (from 1970-1980). In the year 2000, Fr. Stanley received an Honorary Doctorate from our beloved school, which he saw through its accreditation, among many other milestones.   Additional Visiting Professorships included St. Vladimir's Orthodox Seminary (New York), Boston University School of Theology, Boston College Department of Theology, among many others. Memberships in professional societies were also numerous, including service President of the Orthodox Theological Society.   Fr. Stanley served as pastor of parishes in Lancaster, PA, Peabody, MA, Lexington, MA and Newburyport, MA. After retiring to what was then the Diocese of Atlanta in 1995, Fr. Stanley was called out of retirement to serve the then mission parish of Christ the Savior in Spring Hill, FL. As he had throughout his pastoral ministry, during his service to the parishioners of Christ the Savior, Fr. Stanley oversaw the expansion of a new sanctuary and parish hall.