Metropolitan Kallistos Ware on the Meaning of the Word “Liturgy”

Metropolitan Kallistos Ware on the Meaning of the Word “Liturgy”

Metropolitan Kallisos Ware is one of the leading Orthodox theologians of the last several generations. He is a sought-after speaker, appearing at scholarly conferences, clergy events, and church retreats around the world. In this lecture, titled “Liturgy: What Does the Word Mean?”, the Metropolitan discusses the inner meaning of the...

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Don’t Proof Text the Holy Fathers

Don’t Proof Text the Holy Fathers

“Proof texting” is a well known problem, especially when it comes to interpreting Holy Scripture. Some people develop whole theologies around a narrow interpretation of a few scattered verses (or even isolated books of the Bible), ignoring what the Church Father’s called the skopos: the overall purpose or ultimate meaning...

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“Faith Seeking Understanding” (Part II): Clement of Alexandria

“Faith Seeking Understanding” (Part II): Clement of Alexandria

Editor’s note: Part I of this series may be found here. Without a doubt, the richest source for theological epistemology in pre-Nicene Christian literature is to be found in Clement of Alexandria (c. 150 – c. 215). In fact, it is Clement who gives us perhaps the most philosophically detailed...

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Pre-Nicene Creeds

Pre-Nicene Creeds

The confession of faith which we Orthodox chant or sing every Sunday at our Divine Liturgy has a long and complicated history, and examining its history plunges us back into the earliest days of the Church’s life. It is a glorious plunge. Discipleship to Jesus and inclusion in His Church...

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“Faith Seeking Understanding” (Part I): Patristic and Early Christian Touchstones

“Faith Seeking Understanding” (Part I): Patristic and Early Christian Touchstones

Christianity entered the Greco-Roman world as a religion of the incarnate Logos – word or reason – of God. With such a message and with the growth of conversions from the educated Hellenized culture, Christian theologians were compelled early on to reflect upon the “ways of knowing” – that is,...

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A Word About Orthodox Apologetics

A Word About Orthodox Apologetics

In the last few weeks, I have had several opportunities to think about Christian Orthodox apologetics. At our Greek festival, for instance, some of the volunteers who were helping us were Mormon “missionaries” or “elders.” These are young men and women who volunteer to take one or two years away...

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I Believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth

I Believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of Heaven and Earth

To us today, it sounds a little odd to begin a creed with anything so obvious as the fact that there exists but one God, and that this almighty Father is the creator of heaven and earth. Given that the rest of the creed is devoted to proclaiming the Church’s...

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And of all things, visible and invisible

And of all things, visible and invisible

The Creed not only confesses that our God, the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ, is the creator of heaven and earth. It also adds the phrase that He is the creator “of all things, visible and invisible.” In its original form, the phrase was probably added to hammer yet...

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The Full Divinity of Jesus

The Full Divinity of Jesus

As mentioned in a previous article on the history of the Nicene Creed, a controversy erupted in the church of the fourth century through the teachings of Arius. Though granting that Jesus existed before His birth at Bethlehem as the Word of the Father, Arius denied that this Word was...

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The Mighty Acts of Jesus

The Mighty Acts of Jesus

In our present version of the Creed, after a bold assertion of Christ’s full divinity comes a recitation of His mighty acts. “For us men and for our salvation He came down from heaven and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary and became Man, and was...

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