Pemptousia and OCN have entered a strategic partnership to bring Orthodoxy Worldwide. Greek philosophers from Ionia considered held that there were four elements or essences (ousies) in nature: earth, water, fire and air. Aristotle added ether to this foursome, which would make it the fifth (pempto) essence, pemptousia, or quintessence. The incarnation of God the Word found fertile ground in man’s proclivity to beauty, to goodness, to truth and to the eternal. Orthodoxy has not functioned as some religion or sect. It was not the movement of the human spirit towards God but the revelation of the true God, Jesus Christ, to man. A basic precept of Orthodoxy is that of the person – the personhood of God and of man. Orthodoxy is not a religious philosophy or way of thinking but revelation and life standing on the foundations of divine experience; it is the transcendence of the created and the intimacy of the Uncreated. Orthodox theology is drawn to genuine beauty; it is the theology of the One “fairer than the sons of men”. So in "Pemptousia", we just want to declare this "fifth essence", the divine beaut in our life. Please note, not all Pemptousia articles have bylines. If the author is known, he or she is listed in the article above.
For a short time the Holy Mountain was calm [after the Balkan Wars and the liberation from the Turks]. Then World War I began.
The Central Powers had blockaded Greece and hunger was making itself felt on the Holy Mountain, particularly among those living in kellia and sketes. The monasteries were slightly better off because they had their dependencies.
Then the committee representing the monks living in kellia elected Fathers Chrysostomos Lavriokelliotis and Averkios, provided them with money and official papers stamped by the police and sent them to Athens to buy wheat for the Holy Mountain. The blockade was tight and wheat was very hard to come by. The Powers allowed only one steam-boat to discharge its cargo for the whole of Greece. Through the Gounaris government, the monks weren’t able to ensure any supplies.
They then found Eleftherios Venizelos. They asked for his assistance and through his personal efforts with the ambassadors of England and France, they managed to procure 160,000 okas of wheat [about 230 tons] exclusively for the Holy Mountain. Elder Averkios later told how, on the one hand, they were delighted at Our Lady’s blessing, but, on the other, were at a loss as regards finding enough sacks quickly for such a large amount of wheat.
‘I was walking along the streets of Piraeus, very concerned and saying prayers to the Holy Archangels for them to solve my difficulty in finding the sacks we needed. I sat praying on a bench in a square.
A young boy came up to me and said: “Father, you look worried”.
I told him about the problem, how I didn’t know Piraeus so I didn’t know where to turn and that nobody I asked seemed to know either.
“Don’t worry”, he said and pointed to a shop opposite. “You’ll find as many sacks as you want there”.
There and then the young boy disappeared from right in front of me. And, indeed, I didn’t only find all the sacks I wanted, but they gave them to us free of charge’.
They took the wheat but suffered much hardship and many attacks by the German armed forces before they managed to reach the harbor at Dafni [on the Holy Mountain]. It was only by a miracles that they survived almost certain death when they were strafed by German planes based at Kavala. But, in the end they managed to return with their treasure. The kelliote committee arranged for its distribution and thousands of people were saved from starvation.
*Excerpt from a text by Monk Païsios Kareotis, published in the journal Protaton, vol. 115, July- September 2009.