Orthodox Christian Network

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Question: How Does Forgiveness Bring Freedom?

This is one of the more brilliant questions I have been asked in over three decades of hosting the nationally syndicated Bible Answer Man broadcast. Why? Because it correctly postulates that forgiveness brings freedom. But how?


First, our forgiveness of others is the precondition for personal forgiveness. In the words of our Lord, “If you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses.” These haunting words from the lips of our Lord are reminiscent of one of the most riveting parables Jesus ever communicated to His disciples.

It was the story of two debtors. The first owed his master about twenty million dollars—more than he could repay if he lived to be a thousand years old. The second owed the first less than a twenty-dollar bill. When the day of reckoning came, the master forgave the multi-million-dollar debtor every last penny. Instead of being overwhelmed with gratitude, the man who was forgiven much tracked down the man who owed little, grabbed him by the throat, and dragged him away to debtors’ prison.

When the master heard all that had happened, his condemnation was swift and severe. The ungrateful servant was thrown into prison to be tortured until he could repay his debt in full. When Jesus finished telling the story, He turned to His disciples and said, “This is how my heavenly Father will treat each of you unless you forgive your brother from your heart.”

The disciples immediately got the point. The debts we owe one another are like mere twenty-dollar bills compared to the infinite debt we owe our heavenly Father. Since we have been forgiven an infinite debt, it is a horrendous evil to even consider withholding forgiveness from those who seek it. If, for even a moment, we might wonder whether or not to forgive our debtors, this parable should immediately soften our hearts, illumine the darkness of our minds, and activate within our consciousness the freedom that comes from forgiveness.

Furthermore, in concert with the Master Teacher, Saint John the Theologian urged his “dear children” in the faith—those who have been “forgiven on account of Christ’s name”—to continually confess their sins. Confession purifies our hearts, restores the joy of our salvation, and liberates us with the freedom that springs from forgiveness.

In harmony with Jesus and John, Saint James the Just, “brother” of our Lord and first bishop of Jerusalem, exhorts us to confess our sins to one another and also to God. The grammatical construction is a present active subjunctive, denoting continual confession that brings with it lifegiving forgiveness and liberating freedom.

Moreover, each time we partake of the Eucharist, we examine ourselves and confess our sins so that we will not come under judgment. Continuous confession brings with it the certain promise that God is “faithful and just and will forgive us our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness.” And those who have been freed from sin are free indeed.

Finally, morning, noon, and night when we pray, “Forgive us our trespasses, as we also have forgiven those who trespass against us,” we are reminded of the infinite price that was paid so that we might be forgiven. We must ever be mindful that it was God Himself who hung on the cross so that we could be reconciled to Him for time and for eternity.

Multitudes have lost touch with this essential truth because they have little concept of the depravity of the human heart. As one postmodern American remarked, “The day I die, I should only have to look up at my Maker and say, ‘Take me.’ Not ‘Forgive me.’” Karl Menninger once lamented that we live in an I’m-OK-you’re-OK world. In Whatever Became of Sin? he compared OK-ness in the face of human depravity to a bluebird on a dung heap. The antidote to OKness is brokenness. And brokenness is the road map by which we find our way back to an intimate relationship with God in whom we experience the joy of ultimate freedom.

King David provides the quintessential example. After the prophet Nathan confronted him with his sin, he cried out, “Have mercy on me, O God, according to your unfailing love; according to your great compassion blot out my transgressions.” His anguished cry brought with it a freedom that is inextricably woven into the fabric of forgiveness.

So, how does forgiveness bring freedom? First, as Jesus put it, “If you forgive men when they sin against you, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their sins, your Father will not forgive your sins.” Or in the words of Jesus, “If the Son sets you free, you will be free indeed.” Second, continual confession liberates us with the freedom that springs from forgiveness. And third, brokenness is the road map by which we find our way back to intimacy with the triune God in whom we experience the joy of the ultimate freedom of forgiveness. Soli Deo Gloria.


Hank Hanegraaff

Hank Hanegraaff is president of the Christian Research Institute and host of the Bible Answer Man daily broadcast and the Hank Unplugged podcast. Hank has authored more than twenty books, including Has God Spoken? and Truth Matters, Life Matters More.Hank is an articulate communicator on the pressing issues of our day, having spoken in leading churches, conferences, and on college campuses throughout the world.  Hank and his wife, Kathy, live in Charlotte, North Carolina, and are parents to twelve children.