Proof that God is One, not Many

Proof that God is One, not Many

1

Metropolitan of Gortyn and Megalopolis, Ieremias

 

[Having shown what God is and that He is incomprehensible] Saint John goes on to prove that He is One, not many. This is clear to those who are convinced by the Holy Scriptures. The Lord says as much at the beginning of the Law: ‘I am the Lord your God, Who brought you out of the land of Egypt. You shall have no other gods but me’ (Ex. 20, 2). And again God says: ‘Listen, Israel. The Lord your God is one Lord’ (Deut. 6, 4). And through the Prophet Isaiah, He says: ‘I am God, the first. And I shall be forever. There is no other God but Me. There was no god before me nor will the be another one after me. There is no other God but Me’ (Is. 43, 10-11; 4, 6). And our Lord, Jesus Christ, speaking to His Father in the Gospel, says: ‘Eternal life is that they may know You, the One true God’ (Jn. 17,3).

But Saint John engages in a different way with those who aren’t convinced by the Scriptures. He says: ‘Everyone agrees that the Divinity is perfect, that it lacks nothing, either in goodness, wisdom or power. The Deity is without beginning, without end and is everlasting and uncircumscribed, and so we say, in short, that God is perfect in every way. But if we accept that there other gods, we have to talk about differences between the gods. Because if there aren’t any differences, this would essentially mean that there was only one God, not many. If, however, there are indeed differences between these many supposed gods, where’s the perfection? Because something is bound to be missing from one of the gods in comparison to another god who has it. If any of them falls short, be it in goodness, power, wisdom, time or place, they can’t be a god. So if there are many gods, they must be precisely the same, all of them perfect. But this very identity and perfection demonstrates that there’s one God, not many gods.

And then we know that God cannot be circumscribed. But if we have many gods they must be circumscribed, since, where one is, another can’t be.

Again, if there are many gods, how would the world be governed? It would fall apart and be destroyed if there were many rulers, because there’d be bound to be strife among them. We know that differences produce strife. And suppose you say that there wouldn’t be any strife, because each god would have his or her own realm, you then have to ask: ‘Who imposed this order and apportioned the realms?’ That would be the being we would have to call God, not the rulers of particular realms.

From these simple but powerful arguments on the part of Saint John Damaskinos, we can conclude that God is one, is perfect, uncircumscribed, the maker of the universe and its preserver and governor, exceeding and preceding all perfection.

Moreover, it’s logical to state here at the end, as Saint John points out, that duality originates in unity (2 is 1+1).

Source: pemptousia.com

 

 

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OCN has partnered with Pemptousia. A Contemporary post-modern man does not understand what man is.  Through its presence in the internet world, Pemptousia, with its spirit of respect for beauty that characterizes it, wishes to contribute to the presentation of a better meaning of life for man, to the search for the ontological dimension of man, and to the awareness of the unfathomable mystery of man who is always in Christ in the process of becoming, of man who is in the image of divine beauty. And the beauty of man springs from the beauty of the Triune God. In the end, “beauty will save the world”.

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Pemptousia Partnership

Pemptousia and OCN have entered a strategic partnership to bring Orthodoxy Worldwide. Greek philosophers from Ionia considered held that there were four elements or essences (ousies) in nature: earth, water, fire and air. Aristotle added ether to this foursome, which would make it the fifth (pempto) essence, pemptousia, or quintessence. The incarnation of God the Word found fertile ground in man’s proclivity to beauty, to goodness, to truth and to the eternal. Orthodoxy has not functioned as some religion or sect. It was not the movement of the human spirit towards God but the revelation of the true God, Jesus Christ, to man. A basic precept of Orthodoxy is that of the person ­– the personhood of God and of man. Orthodoxy is not a religious philosophy or way of thinking but revelation and life standing on the foundations of divine experience; it is the transcendence of the created and the intimacy of the Uncreated. Orthodox theology is drawn to genuine beauty; it is the theology of the One “fairer than the sons of men”. So in "Pemptousia", we just want to declare this "fifth essence", the divine beaut in our life. Please note, not all Pemptousia articles have bylines. If the author is known, he or she is listed in the article above.